Parliamentary groups provide the political structure of the composition of the Saeima. Members elected from the same candidate list form parliamentary groups.
Parliamentary groups of the 13th Saeima:
|“Concord” Social Democratic Party parliamentary group||Composition|
|“The Independent” parliamentary group||Composition|
|Conservatives’ parliamentary group||Composition|
|“Development/For!” parliamentary group||Composition|
|National Alliance “All for Latvia!”–“For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK” parliamentary group (National Alliance)||Composition|
|Union of Greens and Farmers parliamentary group||Composition|
|NEW UNITY parliamentary group||Composition
Parliamentary groups have an important role in formulating political opinions and positions regarding the legislative and political agenda of the Parliament. Establishing parliamentary groups allows the political parties represented in the Saeima to reach their political goals more efficiently.
Parliamentary groups may suggest changes in the agenda of the plenary sittings and propose amendments to draft laws. Moreover, MPs are allowed to represent their parliamentary group in debate. If they have signed up in advance, they are given the floor before other MPs.
At least five Members of the same candidate list may form a parliamentary group. Members elected from the same candidate list may form only one parliamentary group and may not join another parliamentary group.
If an MP leaves a parliamentary group, he or she does not lose the Saeima mandate, but becomes an unaffiliated Member of Parliament and may not join another parliamentary group.
The work of a parliamentary group is organised in accordance with the by‑law adopted by the members of the parliamentary group. A parliamentary group is led by a Chair elected by the group members. A parliamentary group may elect several Deputy Chairs, who may substitute the Chair, if needed.
Parliamentary groups may form political blocs. Unaffiliated MPs may also join political blocs.
The Council of Parliamentary Groups coordinates the activities of parliamentary groups and political blocs within the Saeima and its committees and, together with the Presidium, settles matters not regulated by the Rules of Procedure of the Saeima. The Council of Parliamentary Groups is formed by one member from each parliamentary group and political bloc. Decisions of the Council of Parliamentary Groups are of an advisory nature. The Presidium convenes the meetings of the Council of Parliamentary Groups and determines their agenda. These meetings are chaired by the Speaker or the Deputy Speaker of the Saeima.